Freedom of expression describes the ability to articulate and share thoughts or opinions. Repressive governments may censor information that might produce criticism or controversy.
Political violence can take a number of forms and almost always violates human rights. From police brutality and torture to counter-insurgency and civil war, political violence is organized specifically to gain or maintain power.
rights of indigenous people
History is filled with inter-societal conflict, in which one group of people conquered or colonized another group for material, social or ideological gain. Rarely are the indigenous people of the area seen as equal, even now.
dictatorship + repression
Absolute power given to one person, or to a small group in government, is known as a dictatorship. This type of government often employs repression, terror and propaganda to maintain control.
Various forms of self-expression and protest are limited and/or restricted by governments. But when demands for reform are not met, citizens will voice their discontent in a public demonstration such as a rally, protest and/or strike.
punishment + imprisonment
False imprisonment is the unlawful restraint or undue detention of a person without legal justification. Well known cases include those of journalists, political opponents and intellectuals who have been imprisoned for holding or advocating dissenting political views.
refugees + immigrants
Uprooted from their homes by persecution or armed conflict, millions of people become refugees or asylees each year, displaced into a new country without the same rights as nationals. Other vulnerable migrants move for less catastrophic reasons, such as extreme poverty and unemployment, but after moving they often face new economic challenges, such as language barriers, legal restrictions, and discrimination.
terrorism + genocide
Mass killings by governments and regimes are not only crimes against humanity, but also a tactic of violent means to control political or ideological viewpoints. Whereas genocide is the intentional murder of people belonging to a particular ethnic, religious or national group; ethnic cleansing is described as a systematic elimination of an ethnic group by deportation, forced emigration, or other means. Terrorism is criminal action calculated to provoke a state of terror among civilians.