Human rights are those opportunities and freedoms that every person deserves without discrimination. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by laws obligating governments and their citizens to act in ways that preserve human dignity. These rights include freedom of expression, and religion as well as freedom from want, fear, torture, slavery, attack, or discrimination; and finally, the right of access to societal and natural resources. The citizen’s duty is to honor those rights; the government’s duty is to protect those rights through regulation and oversight.
Religious freedom affords individuals the right to make their own spiritual choices without interference. This includes both the freedom to choose any religion and the right to practice a religion (as long as it does not harm others). Globally, 75% of all people live under restriction of religious practice, and religious differences contribute to conflict around the world. While people suffer in violent struggles related to religious intolerance by the government, extremist groups and/or religious leaders, in many cases the lines between ethnic and religious identities are blurred. While cases of religious terrorism and social hostility are clear challenges to religious freedom, laws regarding cultural aspects of a religion often bring public controversy. While religion is well-recognized as a source of international conflict, its role in promoting peace is often overlooked.
ethnic + racial rights
Racial and ethnic discrimination is a major challenge to human rights around the world. Many regions with a history of slavery and segregation still face persistent legacies of racism. Entrenched prejudice, lack of opportunity and exclusion can pose challenges to minority groups, despite equality of legal status. Likewise, actions of colonial or imperial conquest in centuries past have displaced and disenfranchised indigenous peoples, resulting in political, social and economic marginalization. An estimated 370 million indigenous people live around the world today, governments have often been slow to commit to addressing the challenges these groups face. Xenophobia and nationalism are also common forms of ethnic prejudice globally. Belief in the superiority or privilege of one’s own nation, tribe or ethnicity can lead to the abuse or even attack of those considered “outsiders.” Despite these pervasive problems, racism can be effectively reduced through campaigns to improve understandi
The rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people are often denied through discrimination, abuse, legal punishment and violence around the world. Although the United Nations passed a controversial resolution affirming the rights of LGBT people, many regions of the world do not share its supportive attitude. “Pride” festivals, media campaigns and legal activism have attempted to increase tolerance, but people of LGBT orientation are still more likely to suffer social rejection and abuse. LGBT youth attempt suicide at a rate 3 to 6 times higher than their heterosexual peers due to bullying. Beyond this emotional damage, instances of physical attack also pose an unacceptable threat for many people who identify as LGBT.
By eliminating discrimination based on age, appearance, race, ethnicity, gender, religion and/or sexual orientation we can ensure a fair society. Though “equal opportunity” is a term often used in the workplace, it’s also essential for public services like schooling, housing and voting. Today, for example, only 30% of girls are enrolled in secondary school worldwide. Additionally, though girls and women perform 66% of the work, produce 50% of the world’s food, they earn only 10% of the world’s income. In protecting our most vulnerable, we also have to consider ageism. Globally, people are younger and older than ever before. There are 893 million people over the age of 60, and that number is expected to rise to 2.4 billion by the middle of this century. Likewise, there are roughly 1 billion 12-to-18 year olds, with approximately 9 out of 10 living in the developing world. Without tackling pre-existing bias and discrimination of any kind, the most vulnerable groups of people will c
Across the globe, people with disabilities face unseen discrimination, With as many as 15% of the world's population with some form of disability, what can we do better to improve their lives?
fetal + maternal rights
Though nearly all nations -- 95 percent -- allow women to terminate their pregnancies in order to save their lives, there are almost always specific conditions which have to be met. Not every country will allow women to abort even in cases of rape or incest, in fact there are 6 nations today that refuse to allow women to abort for any reason.
There is substantial debate over which human rights can, and should, be protected in business. Although many companies ensure their day-to-day operations support and respect the protection of human rights, some industry sectors are especially prone to labor issues such as child labor or discriminatory practices. In particular, businesses with far-reaching supply chains face labor rights challenges, as the sheer poverty of local workers means they’ll work in substandard conditions. For this reason, the protection of labor rights often depends on the intervention of legal regulations, watchdog groups, and ethical consumer choices. Controversy regarding the necessary standard of labor conditions is a challenge to clear progress in universal protection of worker’s rights.
rights of children
Without legislation, political willingness, money, and support from civil society, children can fall victim to abuses of their human rights. In order to reach their full potential, children most certainly need to have their basic needs met -- whether that be safe housing, clean water, proper nourishment and access to education.