A plan of action and emergency supplies can prove invaluable when disaster strikes. Adequate response might take several days or even weeks, so individuals who identify and prepare for disaster are at a marked advantage. So too are locations with established and practiced disaster plans at an advantage, resulting in saved lives and saved financial resources.The United Nations estimates that every one dollar invested inpreparedness strategies saves seven dollars in post-disaster rebuilding and reconstruction costs. Still, advocates of increased disaster preparedness say that national leaders in developing countries are slow to prioritize preventive measures, given their budgetary and infrastructural constraints.
Disasters are all too frequent, and the material and human costs of such events vary widely. Though disaster strikes both wealthy and poor regions of the world, such events cause especially high levels of death and destruction in developing countries where emergency response is limited. Alongside natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes and floods, man-made disasters such as nuclear accidents and oil spills also present great danger to human and animal life. Humanitarian relief is aid to victims of a natural or man-made disaster.
clean water + sanitation
Globally, more than 660 million people don’t have safe drinking water, and 2.4 billion lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
Without collective and coordinated global efforts, people suffering from a disaster may not get the help and resources they need. More specifically, funding gaps exist from one country to the next due to their geographic and/or political positions, not to mention their humanitarian needs.
One of the most challenging aspects of emergency relief is how to manage a large number of deaths. Globally, disasters claim the lives of thousands of people every year, yet management of the dead is often overlooked in planning,
The rate at which people are fleeing war and persecution has soared from 6 per minute in 2005 to 24 per minute in 2015, according to the UN Refugee Agency. From what we understand today, forced displacement hit a global high with 65.3 million people displaced from their homes by conflict and persecution in that year and persists today.
Disasters don't recognize borders or socio-economic status. Anyone at any time and in any corner of the world can suffer from a crisis which requires a coordinated, global relief effort in order to provide emergency food, shelter and other provisions.
Disasters can cause significant numbers of severe, disabling injuries, resulting in a public health emergency. Medical relief is an essential part of the immediate response in a large-scale disaster.
Psychologists are often mobilized in response to a disaster in order to help survivors, volunteers and other relief personnel cope with the stress of the situation.
search + rescue
Disasters strike with little to no warning, often causing loss of life, injury and other serious disruptions which can not always be dealt with by local authorities. Response times in situations of crisis vary community by community and often require specialists to assist in the search and rescue procedures.